gazpacho n : a soup made with chopped tomatoes and onions and cucumbers and peppers and herbs; served cold
- Rhymes: -ɑːtʃəʊ
Gazpacho soup usually simply referred to as gazpacho, is a cold Spanish soup originating in the Southern region of Andalusia. It is widely consumed throughout Spain, neighboring Portugal (where it is known as gaspacho) and certain Latin American countries. It descends from an ancient Andalusian concoction based on a combination of stale bread, garlic, olive oil, salt, and vinegar — a cold breadsoup. With the Columbian Exchange beginning in 1492, the tomato and the bell pepper were brought to Europe.
While tomato is an important ingredient of a common form of gazpacho, the original ingredients, mentioned above, not tomato, are those which define gazpacho. In Andalusia, there are several types of gazpacho and many do not include tomato as an ingredient. One very popular type of gazpacho is white gazpacho or ajo blanco malagueño, made principally with almonds, bread, garlic, vinegar and oil.
A completely different approach for this recipe is gazpacho manchego. As the name implies, it seems to have originated from the La Mancha region of Spain, but it is also popular in other areas in the center and southwest of the country. Instead of a cold soup, it is a warm stew. The main ingredients are meat (rabbit in many cases) and bread (a special kind of flat bread), and may also include mushrooms. The soup is also classically accompanied by hard boiled eggs. The garnishes are served separately, in little bowls, to be added as desired. Occasionally, restaurants in western Spain serve a tomato gazpacho garnished with small cubes of the local ham (e.g. jamón serrano, jamón de bellota, etc.). This is common in Extremadura, where much high-quality ham is produced (under the official Instituto Nacional de Denominaciones de Origin classification Dehesa de Extremadura or Extremadura Range). On menus in certain Extremaduran restaurants, gazpacho with local ham is called gazpacho extremeño. The ham tends to be added to the soup in the kitchen prior to serving (unlike the other garnishes which are provided in separate dishes and added at the table).
Today, in the United States, most gazpacho recipes include tomato, cucumber, bell (sweet) pepper, onion, garlic, and celery. Some also include olive oil, bread, vinegar or lemon juice, fresh herbs, sugar, canned tomato juice, or hot sauce. Gazpacho is sometimes pureed until smooth, and sometimes served with small or large chunks of vegetables.
Gazpacho is featured prominently in the 1988 comedy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women_on_the_Verge_of_a_Nervous_Breakdown Women on the Verge of a Nervous Breakdown.
gazpacho in Bulgarian: Гаспачо
gazpacho in Catalan: Gaspatxo
gazpacho in Czech: Gazpacho
gazpacho in German: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Modern Greek (1453-): Γκασπάτσο
gazpacho in Esperanto: Gazpaĉo
gazpacho in Spanish: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Basque: Gazpatxo
gazpacho in Finnish: Gazpacho
gazpacho in French: Gaspacho andalou
gazpacho in Galician: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Hebrew: גספצ'ו
gazpacho in Indonesian: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Italian: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Japanese: ガスパチョ
gazpacho in Georgian: გასპაჩო
gazpacho in Dutch: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Norwegian Nynorsk: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Polish: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Portuguese: Gaspacho
gazpacho in Russian: Гаспачо
gazpacho in Serbian: Gaspačo
gazpacho in Swedish: Gazpacho
gazpacho in Ukrainian: Гаспачо
gazpacho in Chinese: 西班牙凍湯
bisque, borscht, bouillabaisse, bouillon, broth, burgoo, chicken soup, chowder, clam chowder, clear soup, consomme, egg drop soup, fish soup, gravy soup, gumbo, julienne, matzo ball soup, minestrone, misoshiru soup, mock turtle soup, mulligatawny, oxtail soup, pot-au-feu, potage, potage au tomate, potato soup, pottage, puree, soup, stock, thick soup, thin soup, tomato soup, turtle soup, vegetable soup, vichyssoise, won ton soup